To lift your established tree peony, begin at least eighteen inches from the base of the stem, loosen the plant from the soil with a large garden fork, work your way around the plant, and gently pry it from the ground. Moving established peony plants should be done in the fall, at least six weeks before the ground freezes. Eyes are the places on the roots that produce stems and leaves. Tree peonies are heavy feeders and respond well to a generous, early autumn top dressing of bone meal or a rose fertiliser. Not only did he provide a mountain of information, he also sent five, count 'em five tree peonies for my own personal enjoyment. Peony lutea. Add soil and water to fill in the hole around the tree's root system. Too bad the article never reached peer review and publishing … Everything you need to know about choosing the right tree peony for you. Avoid shady areas near large trees and shrubs. Occasionally, maturing trees may reach the pointthey’re shading peony plants and preventing bloom. The only way to multiply peony plants is to divide peonies.This might sound complicated, but it's not. In many North American locations, September or October will be the ideal month for transplanting a peony. The peony is hardy, dependable, long-lived, and easy to grow. Replanting a taprooted tree peony can be a very difficult process. Successfully moving established peonies is achievable. The time to transplant tree peonies is in the fall, when the plants have become dormant. Tree peonies (Paeonia suffruticosa) are considered the national flower of China and can reach heights of nearly 6 feet. He explains how planting depth is crucial with peonies – and how to get it right. It may be easier to dig a trench around the plant before attempting removal in order to avoid breaking the central root. If any of the plant falls off and it has roots on it, plant it too. As a rule-of-thumb, plants that have been growing in position for more than five years are much less likely to survive transplanting than younger specimens. Poorly drained soils can often be improved by working in large amounts of compost or peat. These are usually planted as bare-root saplings. If the peony hasn’t died back for the winter, trim the peony stems close to ground level. She also has a strong background in business, education and farm living. Depending on its age, you might need a fork or a … It includes most of the hybridized plants that have been created recently, and are usually pink, purple, red or white in color. These will actually be the part that comes through the ground after planting and forms a new peony plant when you divide peonies.After rinsing, you should leave the roots in the shade so they soften up a bit. September is the best time to transplant established peonies. Promptly replant the peonies in a sunny, well-drained site. Peony lutea is the only true yellow tree peony. Dig a hole large enough to encompass the entire root system in width and depth. The roots will be deep and tough. Usually I just pry things out of the ground, but it does help to be careful with these. Select an area away from tree roots and shrubs, as competition for moisture and nutrients causes a reduction in flower size. Distinct from the more common herbaceous peony that dies back in winter, the Tree Peony is a larger version that retains its elegant woody stem or bark throughout the winter. Herbaceous vs tree peony. But after 10 or 15 years, peony blooms slow down, and that’s the time for you to dig, divide, and transplant them. A woody or deciduous shrub, tree peonies come in a variety of colors and do well in USDA zones 4 to 9. First, dig up the plant. So we were already digging deeper than the tree peony roots, and could do a good job of unearthing the root system. Do this in the fall for best results! They grow from rhizomes, which form a bush about 1m high and flower from late spring into summer, before dying down in autumn. The last time I moved a tree peony, it was because the plumber needed access to the sewer line. But unlike a tree there really is no root flare; all the planting advice seems to imply that it is better to plant deeper than too shallow for a tree peony; And I was even led to believe that planting deeper will stimulate below-ground buds to develop into additional roots for a tree peony. Then carefully dig around and under each plant. With so many varieties of peonies available these days, selecting the right peony for your garden can be confusing. Peonies are long-lived perennial flowering plants which decorate many landscapes. Tree peonies (Paeonia suffruticosa) are considered the national flower of China and can reach heights of nearly 6 feet. This article is specifically about growing tree peonies. Repeat until you achieve a pH between 6.5 and 7.0. Gardeners value the peony for its large, colorful flowers in spring and attractive, season-long foliage. When to transplant peonies depends on the results you want. This gives the plant time to recover before going dormant for the winter. Moving established peonies is one solution. Whatever the reason, it is feasible to transplant peonies—either within your own garden or to a friend’s. The Royal Horticultural Society is the UK’s leading gardening charity. Young plants transplant fairly well, but more established specimens will suffer greater stress and require advanced preparation. Begin by cutting the peony stems near ground level. These peonies have the leaf form of tree peonies on a rounded plant that dies back to the ground in winter. Fertilize in the fall, in the spring when new growth starts, and after blooming. So you are best trying to save a peony plant after it has succombed to peony damage. Do so only if necessary and in an area where your peony will not have to compete with other trees for air, sunlight and water. Discover tree peonies. Sign up for our newsletter. Typically, tree peonies can live for more than 100 years and do not like to be transplanted. Tree Peony "Guardian of the Monastery" the day before digging. Over time, as surrounding shrubs and trees grow larger, peonies may fail to bloom as they once did. Get involved. When selecting a planting site, choose an area that receives full sun. Plan the perfect garden with our interactive tool →, Cricket Hill Garden: Planting Instructions, Utah State University Extension: Solutions to Soil Problems. These peonies have the leaf form of tree peonies on a … Depending on the size of your tree, 2 inches above the root system is a good rule of thumb. Transplant it in the new location, which should be in sun with well-draining, rich soil. Fertilize twice a year, in the spring and late summer. After your tree is successfully planted, add a slow-release, low-nitrogen fertilizer following the manufacturer’s instructions. Dig around the tree with a large garden fork at least 18 inches away from the tree trunk. The main difference between Tree Peonies and their herbaceous cousins is that Tree peonies don’t die back in winter. Start digging a good 18 inches away from the crown of the plant. After the initial planting, do not fertilize again until after the leaves turn green. A tree peony has a woody stem that is attached to the root clump/tuber, and tree peonies develop into taller shrubs. Ideally, the soil should have a pH level of 6.5 to 7.0. Lever the peony out of the ground, disturbing the root mass as little as possible. Carefully lift the peony tree out of the earth with a shovel and wrap the root system with a tarp or place the tree in a large bucket while you are moving it to its new location. The crown of a tree is where the trunk and main branches begin. Carefully dig around and then under the roots, taking care not to damage the fleshy tubers. When to move and divide a peony. Find more gardening information on Gardening Know How: Keep up to date with all that's happening in and around the garden. 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The third image is a transplant peony that was probably 30 years old growing in the deep shade in my yard, to a raised bed. Peonies perform best in full sun and well-drained soils. You can grow Tree Peonies in the ground, or in a container, they are remarkably drought tolerant and with a little soil preparation are very easy care. As a gardener, you may be wondering “Can I transplant peonies?” The answer is yes. This can be a slow process because peony roots are tough. In this video guide, Monty Don show’s how to plant a herbaceous peony, ‘Sarah Bernhardt’ and taller tree peonies. Choose the correct time of the year. This can be any time from October to February. However, the same features that make peonies a sturdy and long-lived plant can also make them a challenge to transplant.Sometimes a move becomes a necessary alternative to plant loss. It will do great. Ward is pursuing a Master of Arts in history and culture from Union Institute and University. Look for a ridged bulge on the root where one type of tree peony was grafted onto another to get the best qualities of each. The culprit is often lack of sunlight due to overcrowding and the expanding canopies of nearby trees. If your soil is has a pH of less than 6.5, add lime and compost until you get the right pH. If your soil pH is higher the recommended levels, lower it by introducing an elemental sulfur material using 6 to10 lbs. Take a water hose and clean off the roots of the plant (this will let you know how big of hole you will have to dig to replant). Divide the peony roots into sections or divisions. When transplanting a peony, it can take three to four years for it to become reestablished and bloom abundantly. Division of large peony clumps requires a few additional steps. Knowing how and when to transplant peony is the key. Peonies transplant better when you divide them. If you need to relocate either herbaceous or tree peonies, fall is the best time. How to divide a peony. Yvonne Ward began her professional writing career in 2004. The term Tree Peony is a little confusing as it seems to describe a plant that grows to the height of a tree, which it does not. Tree peonies do not like to be moved. However, with careful attention to detail, you can successfully transplant them. Tree peony stem showing new growth after pruning How to grow Tree Peonies. She wrote a true-crime book published in 2010 and has two more underway. Each division needs to have three to five eyes or growing points. After the initial planting, do not fertilize again until after the leaves turn green. Add terms like tree peony, itoh peony and herbaceous peony, and it can seem overwhelming. Itoh or Intersectional peonies are a cross between a herbaceous peony and a tree peony. Dig around the tree with a large garden fork at least 18 inches away from the tree trunk. Herbaceous peonies, also known as Chinese peonies (Paeonia lactiflora), are the most commonly grown. You can replant a part of your original peony and its divisions in the same part of the garden or find new areas for them. Plant your tree peony where it has a break from high winds, such as near a fence or wall, if you live in an area prone to this. The permanence of peonies is one of the qualities that make them such an enduring perennial in the garden. Adding the water will get rid of air pockets that will damage the roots if left behind. Peony lutea by Pancrat (Own work) [GFDL or CC BY-SA 3.0], via Wikimedia Commons. It is best to move a tree peony only in the fall and you can expect the tree to take two to … After the leaves have dropped … Firstly dig the plant out of the ground. Gently shake the peony plant so soil falls away from roots. Or you can even share the wealth; peonies make perfect pass-along plants to give to family and friends. Choose a location where your tree has at least 3 to 5 feet of room to grow into. Cut down the stems. How to Divide and Transplant Peonies: 11 Steps (with Pictures) It should also receive at least four to five hours of sunlight daily, adequate drainage and good soil. This will make it easier to locate exactly how far the root system extends. Discover tree peonies. Typically, tree peonies can live for more than 100 years and do not like to be transplanted. Sign up to get all the latest gardening tips! As you remove soil from peony roots, use a sharp knife to cut out any soft or bad spots on the roots. Learn which plants thrive in your Hardiness Zone with our new interactive map! If your soil is has a pH of less than 6.5, add lime and compost until you get the right pH. Peony suffruticosa is the most common of the tree peony varieties. A light sprinkling of a general fertiliser can be applied in spring. Test the soil's pH level. As peony flowers are so heavy, you will need to use a plant support. One of the most vital steps is getting the timing right. ... Tree Peony "Guardian of the Monastery" the day before digging. Moving and dividing peonies should be done in autumn once the leaves have died back. It is best to move a tree peony only in the fall and you can expect the tree to take two to three years to stabilize to its normal, healthy state. Bury the tree until the soil reaches just below the crown of the tree. The high potash content encourages flowers to develop. Tree peonies (Paeonia suffruticosa) are deciduous sub-shrubs that bloom in mid to late spring with big, beautiful peony flowers.The flowers are much like those of their cousins, the familiar herbaceous perennials, Paeonia lactiflora. Fertilize twice a year, in the spring and late summer. However, with careful attention to detail, you can successfully transplant them. The peony has been a popular perennial in American gardens since the 1800's. The Tree Peony (despite its name) is not actually a tree but a deciduous shrub originating from China where it is known as Moutan. In many North American locations, September or October will be the ideal month for transplanting a peony. Don’t worry if the flowers seem a bit sparse the first spring after moving established peonies. Plant your tree peony where it has a break from high winds, such as near a fence or wall, if you live in an area prone to this. If your soil pH is higher the recommended levels, lower it by introducing an elemental sulfur material using 6 to10 lbs. All Rights Reserved. Try to retain as much of the root system as possible. Feeding a Tree Peony. As long as they get good water from winter through spring they will thrive. Fork at least 18 inches away from roots things out of the ground, disturbing the root system as.. Water to fill in the hole around the garden the culprit is often lack of daily! Hardiness Zone with our new interactive map when new growth after pruning how to grow ], Wikimedia... Bad spots on the roots if left behind roots are tough are the on! 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