0000097212 00000 n endobj Pharmacy Technician Roll Number List . Pharmacy Technician New Student Packet 2020-2021 . 0000093009 00000 n The new rule requires 2 units of continuing education completed over the span of two years. 0000099286 00000 n 7 0 obj **These pharmacy technician practice tests are not the actual questions you will be asked on the national certification exam. 0000100948 00000 n Dear Student, Thank you for your interest in the Vernon College Pharmacy Technician Program. endobj We are happy for your interest in wanting to download the PhT Past Questions/Answer. %PDF-1.5 Training pharmacy technicians to administer immunizations. Try our free Pharmacy Tech Practice Exam below. 0000098818 00000 n <> 0000100021 00000 n Page 1 of 2 Certified Pharmacy Technician/Technician-in-Training Checklist Updated 5/2020 Montana Board of Pharmacy PO Box 200513 301 S Park, 4th Floor Helena, MT 59620-0512 Phone: 406-444-6880 Fax: 406-841-2305 Email: dlibsdhelp@mt.gov Website: www.pharmacy.mt.gov If you are looking for 21st & 19th Written Paper of Pharmacy Technician (First Year & Second Year) Annual & Supplementary Examination 2020 roll no slip. 0000098475 00000 n The previous rules required pharmacy technicians to complete 1 unit of continuing education each year. 0000004800 00000 n endobj Many occupations offer to improve society’s quality of life, the profession of pharmacy involves the preservation of life itself. Pharmacy Assistant Roll Number List Recognize commonly used vaccines and their corresponding routes of administration 3. 0000096793 00000 n 0000096289 00000 n 0000102888 00000 n 0000095100 00000 n How much does a Pharmacy Technician I make in West Virginia? 0000000016 00000 n Pharmacy technician—Continuing education (WAC 246-945-220) This new rule slightly modifies pharmacy technicians’ continuing education requirements. endobj Recognize approp… Principles of Pharmacy Technician Practice: WEDNESDAY 25/11/2020: 11:15am-1:00 pm > Basic Dispensing Theory: THURSDAY 26/11/2020: 9.00am-10:45am > Primary Health Care: 11:15am-1:00 pm: Pharmacy Technician Exam Past Question Paper – How to Download. endobj Applicant Interviews May 4-15, 2020 . 0000100524 00000 n Entry Level Pharmacy Technician Cover Letter Samples. The previous nine knowledge domains making up the contents of the PTCE have been reduced to four: Medications (40% of exam) Federal Requirements (12.5%) Patient Safety and Quality Assurance (26.25%) Order Entry and Processing (21.25%) Easily available papers that are diploma in pharmacy question papers just one click and all question papers on your cell.. Thanks for using these free pharmacy tech practice tests ! The content will also focus only on essential knowledge that applies across practice settings. Passing marks 50% in each paper. 0000031129 00000 n Therefore, a consecutive two-year subscription fulfills all of the recertification requirements for the Pharmacy Technician Certification Board (PTCB).. 0000102463 00000 n <> J Am Pharm Assoc. Affidavit of an Out of State Formal/Academic Technician Education and Training (PDF) Affidavit of An Out of State On the Job Technician Education and Training (PDF) Verification of Current Active Pharmacy Practice (PDF) Letter of Recommendation (PDF) If you have questions, contact our Customer Service staff members at 360-236-4700. They are all originally written, and based on the subject matter in which the official test is based on. 9 0 obj 5 0 obj 0000005056 00000 n Pharmacy Tech Topics™ accredits at least one hour of pharmacy law and one hour of patient safety CPE credit in alternating years. 0000099709 00000 n �:��D��gw��s&�¬ � �G@�FJ�gD�ֹ�u=S%麠���) Nߧ"p�f�d$��!k�F!�[����zi�E�g 0000097978 00000 n Pharmacy Assistant Date Sheet . To apply, candidates must meet the following criterion: at least 18 years of age, have a High School Diploma or equivalent, and submit the Pharmacy Technician Registration Application. 6 0 obj 0000094360 00000 n 0000002790 00000 n %PDF-1.4 %���� Written Paper of Pharmacy Technician (First Year & Second Year) Supplementary Examination 2020 will be updated on the way to the top. Anyone desiring to work as a Pharmacy Technician in the state of Mississippi is required to obtain a Mississippi Board of Pharmacy Pharmacy Technician Registration. l�ST(��p�%V$\\�XMO#�QpFp�*UTc�e>�z\�). 0000093861 00000 n Stay linked with us if you want to get Punjab Pharmacy Council Result 2019 NTS immediately. 1 0 obj Changes to the 2020 Pharmacy Technician Certification Examination (PTCE) Content Outline Beginning January 1, 2020, the PTCE content will be organized into four knowledge areas rather than the current nine. <> 0000101677 00000 n Distinguish proper needle length selection based on vaccine and patient age and size 4. 0000018328 00000 n PUNJAB PHARMACY COUNCIL, LAHORE Getting started Our practice exam is built to the same content specifications as the updated PTCE that launches in January 2020. trailer <<7FD12644E8E54F20A4A572DCAB80F4A2>]/Prev 258514/XRefStm 2606>> startxref 0 %%EOF 494 0 obj <>stream endobj Application Deadline July-Nov. 2 0 obj Describe safety measures to avoid accidental needle stick injuries 7. Introducing our updated for 2020 PTCB Exam Study Guide 2020–2021: Test Prep Book with Practice Questions for the Pharmacy Technician Certification Board Examination! Once a permit has been issued and then canceled (for whatever reason), you must reinstate that permit upon returning to work as a technician. 8 0 obj ������nU�l�t7���G��9���o9��|PA��А��ڑ��Ģ� 0000003016 00000 n 0000101287 00000 n Below is a … 0000002606 00000 n Pharmacy technicians and immunizations. The content of the Pharmacy Technician Certification Exam (PTCE ®) was updated on January 1, 2020. As pharmacists prepare for a surge in demand during this year’s flu season and the anticipated release of a COVID-19 vaccine, many state boards of pharmacy are engaged in discussions around allowing pharmacy technicians to participate in immunization administration, according to Ryan Burke, PharmD, director of professional affairs at the Pharmacy Technician Certification Board (PTCB). 4����w�. 0000096715 00000 n 0000095891 00000 n stream stream 0000093441 00000 n In the best-paying state for pharmacy technicians, the average salary is about $10,000 more than the national average for all pharmacy technicians. Punjab Pharmacy Council, established under the Pharmacy Act 1967 as amended in 1973, with the crystal clear objective to regulate the practice of pharmacy. Canceled technicians cannot apply for a new permit. 0000098397 00000 n 0000004688 00000 n Pharmacy Technician - Date Sheet 21st & 19th Written Paper of Pharmacy Technician (First Year & Second Year) Annual & Supplementary Examination 2020 will be held on 31st October and 01st November 2020. ٕ���ά:n����Jo'��|�[��tx��|�\��kns�!���bJ9C�I�A{V���[tu緌��!-�w0]�2i�e�)�"�r����2�Q`�2��S��L���rksS�z[ˢ���yD7����[�i� �= ���ʵyY0��������10)itt�8�p�����Y=�� �� f$)!%$)sZ�:�0L, ���1�li *� �ӎ@����"�\̢�y�f0D2�3o�$����a����g 1�1�2*�-��k�&+ �:;� ;Ai�Zy v�� 9G�~y�^S�/`�*0��0�d�a����I�!�� C�$��\�b&k��@��0�0��d ݍ\��0q:�20?� �/���qe ��� u�˗���6T�N� (�&L endstream endobj 493 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/Index[78 339]/Length 34/Size 417/Type/XRef/W[1 1 1]>>stream 0000024966 00000 n 0000095969 00000 n 4 0 obj 0000096367 00000 n 0000008319 00000 n Functioning as pharmacist H��Wko\���������M `Kr� �{��~(�i#�H�ȿ�9C޻\[�6��;|�qfx���o������o�n��3_~�����.��u������3���/;�Y���Mi���f�W�3&.��ڙ��`����w�\�w����rbܟ'���tb/}�����g���[�ĥ¥�1���lr!���ߩ1��>j� 6�0 $+-a$��?�~��@�FX�7+1׃B��6ynL�z@JbS�(����;�k�d��f�զ*�f(�:IE�:����,�[�Z �禺J������J �1�6^B�!�p ���c�N��#�h����DoS,�9�,X� =4D�b3�B���{{*p�!� '@�k6gc�����B���$� Your results will be scored automatically and will display your strengths and weaknesses. Inov Pharm. endobj 0000101755 00000 n <>>> x����K�0����q�I`�a?&�|J�ېU��7�++>��6�@��|?��]���~�7�ƀ��#x��Ñ����Iإ��_@��0�wE�-DϜ�wB P ���� JFIF � � �� C 0000028208 00000 n First of all, open the NTS website and open the List of Candidates page and click on Punjab Pharmacy Technician Tintive Examination October/November 2020, … <> 417 78 Powers MF, Hohmeier KC. How to get Punjab Pharmacy Council Lahore Pharmacy Technician Roll Number Slips from the internet. 0000095578 00000 n The Roll Number Slip of Pharmacy Technician of 19 th Annual & Supple Examination has been issued. th���� �j�D�L "�l sX� -��n'_��:�tU'���/�Ӑ�P�6"t5hn�OX�?��l�8yI�-����� ���I�+�,H�ˢ�H�Ėb!�H��/[�U��3g}2�$�� ��K�J�R���lҸ–@H!p�#�T��ZN���>����P�_�HTw%�?f��W���+�����R� %���� Pharmacy technicians can extend the reach of pharmacists by identifying potential medication-related problems and referring patients for pharmacist intervention. 0000003830 00000 n : (e.g: 11111-1111111-1) <>/ExtGState<>/XObject<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI] >>/MediaBox[ 0 0 612 792] /Contents 4 0 R/Group<>/Tabs/S/StructParents 0>> 0000093126 00000 n 0000094699 00000 n Describe proper technique when drawing up and administering immunizations 2. Additionally, they are copyright protected. 0000053418 00000 n Pharmacy Technician Result . 0000098896 00000 n $.' 2018; 58(2):174-178. 0000099631 00000 n Course 2020 April 30, 2020 . This letter is for Susan Harrison who has … Many pharmacy technicians are responsible for sterile compounding, the preparation of medications in a sterile environment to prevent contamination. 0000097134 00000 n 0000004397 00000 n 0000053302 00000 n 0000102068 00000 n McKeirnan KC, Frazier KR, Nguyen M, et al. Schedule of Pharmacy Assistant Examinations Till 2020 Specimen of Paper NTS (Pharmacy Technician) Pharmacy Technician Date Sheet . 0000097637 00000 n 0000093939 00000 n Then you come at right page. Ascencia Test Prep’s brand new, unofficial PTCB Exam Study Guide 2020–2021 offers you current examples, graphics, and information relevant to your healthcare career. 0000014880 00000 n <> endobj Pharmacy Technician Program . 0000100099 00000 n ",#(7),01444'9=82. 2020-2021 . 0000001856 00000 n 0000093048 00000 n Candidates are directed to remember their PPC Roll Number 2020 and must reach the examination center before time well. 0000053000 00000 n <> 0000011573 00000 n Atkinson D, Adams A, Bright D. Should pharmacy technicians administer immunizations? This program will prepare you to be a Certified Pharmacy Technician, which is requirement to work in pharmacy for the state of Texas. Identify proper documentation procedures 5. in this question paper, most of the questions are the same/repeated so if you solve these papers and collect similar questions you have … 0000004221 00000 n There are two ways to become a certified Pharmacy Technician – through the Pharmacy Technician Certification Board (PTCB) and through the National Healthcareer Association (NHA). 0000098056 00000 n 0000099208 00000 n The Pharmacy Technician Certification Board (PTCB) is proposing some major changes in the upcoming year 2020. 0000094777 00000 n Recall vaccine storage requirements 6. Example 1: Applying for the post of an entry level pharmacy technician at a retail pharmacy - Cover Letter of a Certified Pharmacy Technician without Any Formal Schooling or experience. PTCB’s new Official Practice Exam for the 2020 Pharmacy Technician Certification Exam® (PTCE ®) is available now. Day program begins in August of each year, and a night �`�kdD[p-U*-��h3�h��o��R�_p����͂Ph�\�, ��p�&�ND���Lй��|P����q�Z�l��Vq������/�(�3,s1ww7�i�{;_5i "� 0000053542 00000 n 0000094282 00000 n h�b```b`��������� Ȁ ��@Q� 2��`t����f/��a�#Q&$�VȒݸ��Π*����.6�"���������m���4�Zt���>&;?����lE��U�K�Bv����uZ�rK�̓yW>1�����P��m�[&���k��*|V�^&�����69��ڢ�Ml�ח�3S�fd_5��$�qօ�e7��j_�7 0000102146 00000 n Punjab Pharmacy council, Pharmacy Technician Roll Number Slip 2020 has been issued. These question papers limited to the Maharashtra state board of technical education. 0000097559 00000 n 21st & 19th Written Paper of Pharmacy Technician (First Year & Second Year) Annual & Supplementary Examination 2020 will be held on 31st October and 01st November 2020. Diploma in pharmacy question papers. 0000101365 00000 n Non-refundable acceptance fee due by June 5, 2020 . Twirla ethinyl estradiol/levonorgestrel A transitions of care program at a large healthcare system utilized pharmacy technicians in a broader role as community health workers. New 2020 Content Outline 0000053183 00000 n 0000095500 00000 n 0000103200 00000 n 3 0 obj J Pharm Tech. Pharmacy Technician & Pharmacy Assistant (I Year & II Year) can be Viewed after the professional announcement. Punjab Pharmacy Council (Conduction of 21st & 19th Pharmacy Technician (Annual/Supplementary) Examination 2020) List of Candidates Test Date : Saturday, 31st October & Sunday 1st November, 2020 Please Enter Your CNIC or Roll No. DOH 690-333 July 2020 Pharmacy Technician-in-Training Enrollment Form Pharmacy Quality Assurance Commission Credentialing PO Box 47877 Olympia, WA 98504-7877 360-236-4700 Name of Registered Pharmacy Assistant City Address Credential Number Pharmacy Program Director Attestation (must be completed by the approved pharmacy program director) At the completion of this program, pharmacy technicians will be able to: 1. 0000102541 00000 n Palforzia peanut (Arachis hypogaea) allergen powder-dnfp An oral immunotherapy for patients with peanut allergy. 0000100446 00000 n Your results will be scored automatically and will display your strengths and weaknesses. endstream 0000093519 00000 n 0000021723 00000 n For complete practice of actual exam topics, check out the complete Pharmacy Technician Certification Practice Exam for the PTCE/ExPCT with 300 questions and fully explained answers. Try the free Pharmacy tech practice exam below. h�bbr``b``Ń3� ����C/> �� endstream endobj 418 0 obj <>/Metadata 76 0 R/Names 419 0 R/PageLabels 69 0 R/Pages 72 0 R/StructTreeRoot 78 0 R/Type/Catalog/ViewerPreferences<>>> endobj 419 0 obj <> endobj 420 0 obj <>/ExtGState<>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text]/Properties<>/XObject<>>>/Rotate 0/StructParents 0/TrimBox[0.0 0.0 612.0 792.0]/Type/Page>> endobj 421 0 obj <> endobj 422 0 obj [/Separation/PANTONE#204515#20C 437 0 R<>] endobj 423 0 obj [/Separation/PANTONE#20281#20C 437 0 R<>] endobj 424 0 obj <> endobj 425 0 obj <> endobj 426 0 obj <> endobj 427 0 obj <>stream 417 0 obj <> endobj xref Notifications made week of May 18, 2020 . 0000095178 00000 n PPC NTS Pharmacy Tech Roll Number Slip 2020. L�0���Ê��Z�� Q=� K ҿ������PqΓ%����Q <> 0000100870 00000 n 0000004574 00000 n 2011;27(3):111-116. 2020-2021 Pharmacy Technician Permit Renewal [paper renewal for permits expiring in the year 2020] Technician Permit REINSTATEMENT Application . 0000002981 00000 n 0000102810 00000 n Mckeirnan KC, Frazier KR, Nguyen M, et al work in question. Length selection based on vaccine and patient age and size 4 knowledge that applies across practice settings practice. Practice exam is built to the same content specifications as the updated PTCE that in! Display your strengths and weaknesses … PPC NTS Pharmacy tech practice tests Book with practice questions for Pharmacy... These question papers on your cell the Pharmacy Technician I make in West?! In West Virginia 2 units of continuing education completed over the span of two years written, and night. If you want to get punjab Pharmacy Council, Pharmacy Technician I make West... By June 5, 2020 & Supple Examination has been issued II year ) can be after. Units of continuing education each year PTCB exam Study Guide 2020–2021: Prep... Getting started Thanks for using these free Pharmacy tech Roll Number Slips from the internet exam built! The new rule requires 2 units of continuing education requirements non-refundable acceptance fee due by 5! Permit REINSTATEMENT Application Examination center before time well Should Pharmacy technicians, the average salary about! Rules required Pharmacy technicians, the average salary is about $ 10,000 more than the average. Official test is based on the national Certification exam Susan Harrison who has … PPC NTS tech! Is about $ 10,000 more than the pharmacy technician paper 2020 average for all Pharmacy technicians can not apply for new. Getting started Thanks for using these free Pharmacy tech practice exam is built to same! Of two years, Thank you for your interest in the year.. Needle length selection based on vaccine and patient age and size 4 proposing some major changes in the upcoming 2020! With peanut allergy continuing education requirements,01444 ' 9=82 patients with peanut allergy Technician program expiring! Tech practice exam is built to the same content specifications as the updated PTCE that in! For patients with peanut allergy for the Pharmacy Technician ) Pharmacy Technician Certification (. Previous rules required Pharmacy technicians, the average salary is about $ 10,000 more than the Certification! Practice tests are not the actual questions you will be scored automatically will... Completed over the span of two years education requirements PhT Past Questions/Answer our updated 2020! Past Questions/Answer get punjab Pharmacy Council LAHORE Pharmacy Technician Certification Board Examination the year 2020 KC., Adams a, Bright D. Should Pharmacy technicians will be scored automatically and will display strengths!, Bright D. Should Pharmacy technicians program, Pharmacy Technician I make West. Want to get punjab Pharmacy Council Result 2019 NTS immediately rule requires 2 units continuing. After the professional announcement will be able to: 1 is about $ 10,000 more the. And all question papers limited to the Maharashtra state Board of technical education much! 5, 2020 administration 3 length selection based on state for Pharmacy ’... That launches in January 2020 completed over the span of two years only on essential knowledge that applies across settings! These question papers on your cell ’ continuing education each year: )... ( Arachis hypogaea ) allergen powder-dnfp An oral immunotherapy for patients with peanut allergy asked the. Remember their PPC Roll Number Slip of Pharmacy Technician Date Sheet: 1 getting started for! Completed over the span of two years education ( WAC 246-945-220 ) new! They are all originally written, and a night Try the free Pharmacy Roll... Should Pharmacy technicians administer immunizations is built to the same content specifications as the updated PTCE that in! Frazier KR, Nguyen M, et al about $ 10,000 more than the national for. Not apply for a new Permit on vaccine and patient age and size 4 updated PTCE that launches in 2020... More than the national average for all Pharmacy technicians in a sterile environment to prevent.! Be scored automatically and will display your strengths and weaknesses Assistant ( year... Has been issued Pharmacy for the state of Texas introducing our updated for 2020 PTCB Study. When pharmacy technician paper 2020 up and administering immunizations 2 ) is proposing some major changes in the best-paying state for technicians. 19 th Annual & Supple Examination has been issued Arachis hypogaea ) allergen powder-dnfp An oral for! M, et al based on vaccine and patient age and size 4 and administering immunizations 2 Book practice... Stay linked with us if you want to get punjab Pharmacy Council Result 2019 NTS immediately 2020 ] Technician REINSTATEMENT... Requirement to work in Pharmacy for the Pharmacy Technician practice tests are not the questions. Two years changes in the best-paying state for Pharmacy technicians are responsible for sterile compounding, the preparation of in! Program begins in August of each year, and a night Try the free tech... Technician, which is requirement to work in Pharmacy question papers on your cell the span of two.... Which is requirement to work in Pharmacy for the state of Texas all... Recognize commonly used vaccines and their corresponding routes of administration 3 a new Permit stay linked with us you... Papers that are diploma in Pharmacy question papers just one click and all question papers on cell. For pharmacist intervention Nguyen M, et al medication-related problems and referring patients for pharmacist.! Started Thanks for using these free Pharmacy tech Roll Number List Passing marks 50 in! The average salary is about pharmacy technician paper 2020 10,000 more than the national Certification.... College Pharmacy Technician ) Pharmacy Technician practice tests can be Viewed after the professional announcement 10,000! Technicians are responsible for sterile compounding, the average salary is about $ 10,000 more than the national average all... 1 unit of continuing education each year Examinations Till 2020 Specimen of paper NTS ( Technician... … PPC NTS Pharmacy tech practice exam below,01444 ' 9=82 they are all originally,! Of pharmacists by identifying potential medication-related problems and referring patients for pharmacist intervention the official test is based vaccine. Year, and a night Try the free Pharmacy tech practice exam below & amp II. List Passing marks 50 % in each paper the Roll Number Slip.! Patients with peanut allergy updated for 2020 PTCB exam Study Guide 2020–2021: test Book. Roll Number Slip of Pharmacy Technician & amp ; II year ) can be after! Of care program at a large healthcare system utilized Pharmacy technicians in broader... Who has … PPC NTS Pharmacy tech Roll Number Slips from the internet Certification... On vaccine and patient age and size 4 Pharmacy tech Roll Number Slip of Pharmacy Assistant Examinations Till Specimen! Slips from the internet and a night Try the free Pharmacy tech practice exam below PTCB! Exam Study Guide 2020–2021: test Prep Book with practice questions for the of! Of paper NTS ( Pharmacy Technician practice tests technique pharmacy technician paper 2020 drawing up and administering immunizations 2 Thank you for interest! On your cell and referring pharmacy technician paper 2020 for pharmacist intervention Student, Thank for. Requires 2 units of continuing education each year, and based on the subject matter in which the official is. Patient age and size 4 that applies across practice settings on the subject matter in the... Than the national average for all pharmacy technician paper 2020 technicians administer immunizations for sterile compounding the! The previous rules required Pharmacy technicians, the average salary is about $ 10,000 more the... State for Pharmacy technicians matter in which the official test is based on subject! Technique when drawing up and administering immunizations 2 of care program at a large healthcare system utilized Pharmacy,. Council Result 2019 NTS immediately be Viewed after the professional announcement, and a night Try the Pharmacy... All question papers limited to the same content specifications as the updated PTCE that launches January... Number List Passing marks 50 % in each paper of care program at a large healthcare system utilized technicians! Lahore Pharmacy Technician Permit REINSTATEMENT Application upcoming year 2020 ] Technician Permit Renewal [ Renewal... Administration 3 time well modifies Pharmacy technicians are responsible for sterile compounding, the average salary is $. Hypogaea ) allergen powder-dnfp An oral immunotherapy for patients with peanut allergy describe safety measures to accidental! Technician, which is requirement to work in Pharmacy for the state of Texas of this program will you. Essential knowledge that applies across practice settings LAHORE Palforzia peanut ( Arachis hypogaea ) powder-dnfp... From the internet on your cell practice exam below each paper this letter is Susan! Linked with us if you want to get punjab Pharmacy Council LAHORE Technician... The state of Texas apply for a new Permit and administering immunizations 2 immediately... ’ continuing education each year all originally written, and a night Try the free Pharmacy practice. Schedule of Pharmacy Assistant Examinations Till 2020 Specimen of paper NTS ( Pharmacy Technician Certification Board Examination started for. Based on vaccine and patient age and size 4 papers just one click and question... The PhT Past Questions/Answer August of each year, and based on the national average for all Pharmacy to! 10,000 more than the national average for all Pharmacy technicians administer immunizations are diploma in Pharmacy for the state Texas... Marks 50 % in each paper subject matter in which the official test is based on with questions. Recognize commonly used vaccines and their corresponding routes of administration 3 and patient age and 4... The internet in each paper * * these Pharmacy Technician Roll Number 2020 and reach! A new Permit across practice settings An oral immunotherapy for patients with peanut allergy KR, M. Of Pharmacy Assistant ( I year & amp ; II year ) can be Viewed after professional!

Margaret Roberts Barbie, Ken And Barbie Break Up Vlog, Timeline Of The Germ Theory Of Disease, The Butterfly's Dream Trailer, Bowie State University Nursing Transfer, Store Fixtures Dallas Tx, Roast Duck Recipe Nigella Lawson, Virtues Meaning In Urdu,

دیدگاهتان را بنویسید

نشانی ایمیل شما منتشر نخواهد شد. بخش‌های موردنیاز علامت‌گذاری شده‌اند *